Warning: This document is for an old version of Romana Documentation. The main version is 2.0-latest.

Network Topology

To make Romana aware of important details of your network, it is configured using a network topology configuration. This is a JSON formatted file that describes the network(s) that will be used for Kubernetes pods, and links them to the physical network that is hosting them.

If you are deploying your Kubernetes cluster with a recognized tool such as kops or kubeadm, your installation should use an existing predefined topology. For other environments including customized installations and baremetal deployments, the information about your networks will need to be provided.

Network Topology Configuration Format

Network Topology JSON

{
    "networks": [ Network Definition, ... ]
    "topologies": [ Topology Mapping, ... ]
}
  • networks (required)

A list of Network Definition objects. These describe the names of the networks and the CIDR that pod addresses will be allocated from.

  • topologies (required)

A list of Topology Mapping objects. These link the network definitions and the topology of hosts within the cluster.

Network Definition JSON

{
    "name": String,
    "cidr": IPv4 CIDR,
    "block_mask": Number
}
  • name (required)

The name for this network. Each name must be unique. This name is used to link network definitions and topology mappings.

  • cidr (required)

The IPv4 CIDR for pods created within this network. Each CIDR must be unique, not overlapping with other values, and also not overlapping your cluster’s service-cluster-ip-range.

  • block_mask (required)

The mask applied to address blocks. This must be longer than the mask used for the CIDR, with a maximum value of 32. It implicitly defines the number of addresses per block, eg: a value of /29 means the address block contains 8 addresses.

Topology Mapping JSON

{
    "networks": [ String, ... ],
    "map": [ Host Group, ... ]
}
  • networks (required)

A list of network names. All values must match the name of an object from the top-level networks list.

  • map (required)

A list of Host Group objects. This is a topology map for the list of networks.

Host Group JSON

{
    "name": String,
    "hosts": [ Host Definition, ... ],
    "groups": [ Host Group, ... ],
    "assignment": { String: String, ... }
}
  • name (optional)

A descriptive name for this mapping item.

  • hosts (conditional)

A list of Host Definition objects. Only one of “hosts” and “groups” can be specified.

  • groups (conditional)

A list of Host Group objects. Only one of “hosts” and “groups” should be specified. This allows for nesting the definition of groups to match your topology at each level, eg: spine and leaf. Nested groups are treated as prefix groups for IP addressing and routing..

An empty list may be specified. This indicates the lowest level of grouping, but without defining hosts.

  • assignment (conditional)

A list of key-value pairs that correspond to Kubernetes node labels. These are used to assign Kubernetes nodes to a specific Host Group. In networks with multiple subnets, it is recommended that your Kubernetes nodes use the appropriate failure-domain lables, and matching those labels and values with the assignment in your topology config.

Host Definition JSON

{
    "name": String,
    "ip", String
}
  • name (required)

The name of the host. Each name must be unique. This name must match the node name registered in Kubernetes.

  • ip (required)

The IP address of the host. Each IP must be unique. This address must match the node address registered in Kubernetes.

Examples

This example defines a single network named romana-network, and maps to a topology containing 8 host-groups. The empty groups are used as placeholders, and Kubernetes nodes will be assigned to the host-groups with round-robin placement.

This example defined a single network named romana-network, and contains a host-group for each Availability Zone (AZ) within the us-west-1 region. Inside each AZ host-group, there are 8 sub-groups with assignment labels specific to that AZ. Kubernetes nodes will be assigned to one of those sub-groups based on round-robin placement after matching the assignment labels.